Timeframe for Credit Score Recovery After Auto Loan Bankruptcy[yoast-breadcrumb]
Timeframe for Credit Score Recovery After Auto Loan Bankruptcy
Filing for bankruptcy can be a difficult but necessary step for some folks struggling with overwhelming debt. And while it may provide much-needed relief, it also comes with consequences – one being the hit your credit score takes.
Just how much will your credit score drop after an auto loan bankruptcy? And how long does it take to recover? Let’s take a closer look.
How Bankruptcy Affects Your Credit Score
When you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, it’s going to show up on your credit report and drag down your credit score quite a bit. Here’s a quick rundown of how it impacts your score:
- Your bankruptcy filing will appear in the public records section of your credit report and stay there for up to 10 years from the date you originally filed.
- Any accounts included in the bankruptcy will be updated to show a status of “included in bankruptcy” or something similar. They’ll stay on your report for 7-10 years.
- Your credit utilization ratio will suddenly jump to 100% because all of those accounts will show maxed out balances.
- You’ll likely have a much lower total credit limit since any credit cards included will be closed.
- Your length of credit history could take a hit if you had longstanding accounts that were closed.
- New credit inquiries from applying for bankruptcy attorney services and your case itself will also ding your score a bit.
Altogether, it’s not uncommon for credit scores to drop by 100 points or more after bankruptcy. Some models estimate an average initial drop of 130-150 points for Chapter 7 and 110-130 points for Chapter 13.
Rebuilding Your Credit Score Post-Bankruptcy
The good news is your credit score isn’t doomed forever. With some work, you can start to rebuild it. It just takes time and diligent effort. Here are some tips:
- Get a secured credit card – Since your credit limit will be low after bankruptcy, a secured card can help build it back up with responsible use.
- Become an authorized user on someone else’s account – Ask a family member or friend with good credit to add you. It can give your score a boost.
- Limit new credit applications – Too many hard inquiries right after bankruptcy will be red flags for lenders.
- Pay all bills on time – Payment history has a big impact on your score, so prompt payment of any new accounts is key.
- Keep credit card balances low – High balances hurt your credit utilization ratio, so keep it under 30% on cards.
- Wait to apply for new credit – Give yourself some time to start rebuilding before taking on new accounts.
When Can You Get a Car Loan After Bankruptcy?
Timing is an important factor when it comes to getting approved for a car loan after bankruptcy. Here’s a look at what experts typically recommend:
- Wait at least 12 months after bankruptcy discharge – Most lenders want to see you’ve had time to start rebuilding your credit before they’ll consider an auto loan application.
- Wait 24 months for better rates – Waiting 2 years can open up more options and better rates, but isn’t always necessary.
- Don’t apply until debts are discharged – If you filed Chapter 13, wait until debts are discharged and the case is closed before applying.
The longer you wait, the better chances you have of getting approved and securing a decent interest rate. But waiting too long comes with the risk of not having reliable transportation. It’s about finding the right balance for your situation.
Getting Approved for an Auto Loan After Bankruptcy
Qualifying for an auto loan after bankruptcy may take some extra work, but is certainly possible in many cases. Here are some tips to boost your chances:
- Save up a larger down payment – Putting down 20-30% or more can make lenders more comfortable approving your application.
- Know your credit score – Checking your score can give you an idea of interest rates to expect before applying.
- Shop around – Compare rates and terms from multiple lenders to find the best financing option.
- Bring a co-signer – Adding a co-signer with good credit can improve your chances and interest rate.
- Consider a loan from your bank – Banks may be more flexible if you have an existing relationship and assets with them.
While interest rates will likely be higher than for borrowers with good credit, taking the right steps can help ensure you secure affordable monthly payments.
What Interest Rates Can You Expect?
Interest rates on auto loans for borrowers with recent bankruptcy on their record tend to be quite high compared to standard rates. Here’s an overview of what to expect:
- Prime borrowers may see rates of 4-6%
- Subprime borrowers with poor credit pay 10-20% typically
- With bankruptcy, plan for rates of 15-25% or higher
- Down payment, income, and other factors impact rates too
The lowest rates go to borrowers with excellent credit. Subprime lenders offer higher rates for bad credit. But bankruptcy and foreclosure applicants often get the steepest rates due to the increased risk.
While the high interest rate may be discouraging, it’s important to consider the total monthly payment and whether it fits your budget rather than just the rate. A longer loan term can help keep payments affordable on a higher rate loan.
Using a Co-Signer to Get Better Rates
One strategy that can open up better auto financing options is to apply with a creditworthy co-signer. Rates are based on the co-signer’s credit score, so finding someone with excellent credit can mean a lower interest rate for you.
Just keep in mind that co-signers share equal responsibility for the loan. If you can’t make payments, it falls on them. That’s a big commitment to ask of someone. Make sure you only co-sign if you can confidently handle the monthly payment.
Buying a Car Before Filing Bankruptcy
You may wonder if you should buy a car before filing for bankruptcy. There are a few things to keep in mind:
- You usually can’t discharge a car loan in Chapter 7 bankruptcy if the vehicle was purchased within 910 days of filing.
- The trustee may require you to surrender the vehicle if it’s determined to be a luxury model.
- If you file Chapter 13 instead, you can keep the car by continuing to make payments.
Talk to your bankruptcy attorney to understand the implications before purchasing. You don’t want to end up surrendering a car you just bought.
Alternatives to Financing a Car Purchase
Given the challenges of getting approved for an auto loan right after bankruptcy, you may want to explore other options for getting a vehicle, such as:
- Buy an inexpensive used car with cash – Save up to pay cash for a used economy car. This avoids financing completely.
- Borrow from family or friends – They may be willing to loan you money for a car at lower rates than a lender.
- Rideshare or take public transportation – Apps like Uber or Lyft can provide transportation without buying a vehicle.
- Look into vehicle donation programs – Some nonprofits provide donated cars to those in need at low cost.
While not always ideal long-term solutions, these options can help bridge the gap until you can get approved for financing. Within a few years of diligent credit rebuilding, an auto loan should become much more attainable.
The Bottom Line
Recovering from the credit score drop after auto loan bankruptcy takes time and effort. While getting approved for another car loan soon after bankruptcy may be challenging and come with higher interest rates, it is certainly possible in many cases. With a diligent approach to credit rebuilding and researching lender options, you can get the transportation you need to get back on the road to financial recovery.