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What is a UCC Lien?

A UCC lien is a legal claim on personal property a business owns. The lien gives the creditor (like a bank or investor) rights over that property if the business defaults on repaying a loan. It’s kind of like the business is putting up their equipment, inventory, accounts receivable etc. as collateral to secure financing.So for example, Bob’s Construction Company might take out a business loan from First National Bank. As part of the loan terms, Bob’s Company would sign a UCC lien giving First National Bank rights over their bulldozers, trucks, tools, materials, unpaid invoices etc. if Bob’s Company fails to repay the loan.The UCC lien filing is just the paperwork that the creditor files to make their security interest in the property “perfected” (meaning it’s officially recognized and enforceable). The filing allows them to establish priority over other creditors to seize assets if necessary.

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What Does a UCC Lien Filing Statement Include?

A UCC lien filing is usually 1-2 pages long. Here’s what you’ll typically see:

  • Debtor info: Name and address of the business that took out the loan.
  • Secured Party: The creditor – usually the bank, investor etc. that lent the money.
  • Collateral description: Broad description of the property and assets tied to the loan. This is what the creditor has a security interest in.
  • Signature: Signed by a rep of the creditor to make it officially binding.
  • Filing data: Date, time, ID number, state filed in, other admin details.
See also  Using UCC Liens in Equipment Financing and Leasing

There might be other info too but that’s the gist of it. They try to cram a lot onto 1 page using tiny font!

Why Did I Receive a UCC Lien Filing Statement?

If a UCC statement showed up addressed to you, it likely means a bank or creditor has filed a lien against property owned by your business. This gives them rights over the assets listed if your company defaults on repaying a loan.You may not have even realized one of your suppliers or contractors took out financing using your unpaid invoices as collateral! But now that creditor is putting you on notice they have a claim on funds owed to that company.Receiving a lien filing statement can be alarming but try not to panic! It doesn’t necessarily mean you did something wrong or that your assets are in immediate danger. Let’s break down what it means and what you can do next.

Step 1: Verify the Information is Accurate

First things first – verify the UCC filing statement is legit and the information is correct. Make sure:

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  • The debtor company name, address etc. matches your records.
  • You have an outstanding business relationship with the debtor (you owe them money, have an unpaid contract etc.)
  • The secured party is someone your debtor would plausibly take financing from.

If anything seems suspicious, contact the filing office listed on the statement to investigate. Clerical errors can happen but better safe than sorry in case it’s a scam!

Step 2: Review Loan Documents & Determine Your Liability

Next you’ll want to review the original loan agreement between the debtor and creditor that the UCC lien is tied to. Reach out to both parties and request copies of:

  • The loan contract and promissory note.
  • Inventory, accounts receivable or other collateral descriptions.
  • Details on what triggers default.
See also  Help! There's a UCC Lien on My Business - What Should I Do?

Carefully review the terms and conditions. This will clarify things like:

  • The total amount financed.
  • Payment schedule and deadlines.
  • Exact collateral the creditor has rights over if defaulted.
  • What contract breaches would allow the creditor to seize assets.

Essentially you’re looking to determine:A) The likelihood of default/seizure – if your debtor keeps paying, your assets may be fine.B) Your liability if things go south – often a creditor can only seize collateral specifically pledged, not other company property.Understanding these factors will help you gauge the real risk to your interests so you can plan accordingly.

Step 3: Evaluate Your Payment Obligations

Now that you know the deal between the debtor and creditor, next assess your own payment commitments tied to their collateral.For example if you owe the debtor $100,000 for parts supplied, and they pledged your unpaid invoices as collateral, then you have an obligation to pay that money. But if you defaulted, the creditor may come after your assets for it!To avoid this outcome:

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  • Verify exactly what you owe and ensure your records match the debtor’s. Dispute any discrepancies.
  • Make sure you can pay the amounts owed, or renegotiate terms if needed.
  • Setup payment reminders and process invoices timely going forward.

Meeting your own obligations will help avoid complications down the road!

Step 4: Seek Legal Counsel if Needed

If after your review, you still have concerns about the UCC lien filing – don’t hesitate to seek professional advice! An experienced commercial finance lawyer can help with things like:

  • Drafting an objection if information in the filing is inaccurate.
  • Negotiating more favorable collateral terms to limit your liability.
  • Setting up an escrow account to pay amounts owed.
  • Exploring ways to get the lien removed.
  • Defending your assets if attempts are made to wrongfully seize collateral.
See also  UCC Lien Priority: Navigating the Pecking Order

The right legal guidance tailored to your situation can give you great peace of mind and support if things get complicated later on!

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In Conclusion…

Receiving a UCC lien filing statement related to one of your suppliers or contractors can be unsettling. But now you know what it means and key steps you can take:

  • Verify the statement is accurate and legitimate.
  • Review underlying loan details to clarify risks and liability.
  • Assess your own payment commitments tied to the collateral.
  • Seek legal help if you have lingering concerns.

Following this advice will help you navigate the situation confidently while protecting your business interests! And if you stay on top of your own financial obligations, hopefully everything resolves smoothly and the UCC lien notice can be safely filed away without incident.

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